3 diseases caused by bacteria and viruses chapter summary the diagram below shows what you will read about in this chapter and how the chapter is organized. viruses are particles made up of protein, genetic material, and sometimes lipids. , isbn- 10:, isbn- 13:, publisher: prentice hall. follow the directions. at the present time, all known prokaryotic pathogens are bacteria. the structure of the bluetongue virus core was recently reported & represents the largest structure yet determined to atomic resolution ( 3.
study the graph below and answer the questions. title: microsoft word - chapter 20 guided reading author: teacher created date: 12: 58: 04 pm. these individual virus particles are the infectious form of a virus outside the host cell. this host specificity results from the evolution of recognition systems by the virus. b vocabulary review 1. measles is caused by a virus.
sample answer: it’ s in a form they can’ t use. however, in the future scientists may discover archaea associated with disease. 2 prokaryotes 20. they appropriate the biochemical machinery of the cells, using it to reproduce themselves and sometimes to kill the cells. viruses do not have enzymes necessary to support metabolism and have no structures to make proteins.
you can assess yourself on your understanding of the characteristics of viruses with this online quiz. which letter indicates the stage at which the bacteriaphage injects its dna. warm temperatures e. wasserman, peter v.
unlike bacteria ( which are about 100 times larger), we cannot see viruses with a light microscope, with the exception of some large virions of the. 3) viruses can reproduce only by. they collect the following information: 1. blood borne viruses: some important basic facts 27 question 11 accidental injuries which result in exposure to bbvs can be caused by needles or sharp objects, splashes on broken skin, contamination of eyes, nose or mouth or a bite that breaks the skin. pdf free pdf download mexicaanse griep. some viruses have broad host ranges. the genetic material in a virus can be rna or dna. viruses are not the oldest life form on earth. semester 2 – chapters are listed in the order they are covered.
chapter 20 viruses and prokaryotes. ( 1 mark) a virus is simply a computer program that is written to intentionally create copies of itself. ; levine, joseph s. in your own words, explain why viruses are not living 20 1 viruses answers pdf organisms. chapter 16 darwin’ s theory of evolution. bacteriophages 6. 1 viruses - understand key concepts/ think critically - page 596 1 including work step by step written by community members like you. viruses are types of pathogens, or agents that cause disease. varicella- zoster is probably a lysogenic virus.
causes of disease include ( 1) viruses are much smaller than bacteria, ( 2) viruses require a host cell’ s machinery to reproduce and ( 3) we consider viruses to be non- living ( partly because of their inability to reproduce without living cells). once a person overcomes the chickenpox, some of the viruses continue to replicate lysogenically in the person’ s cells. ( 1/ 2 mark) the first viruses appeared in the mid- 1980s. standards addressed: hs- ls4- 4.
7 hiv prevalence. designed to accompany miller and levine biology foundations edition. chapter 18 classification. • the double- stranded rna genome of the virus is packed. what type of organism does this virus infect? label parts a- d virus life cycle a – g 13. which letter indicates the host cell being lysed ( destroyed)?
viruses are microscopic infectious agents that reproduce by invading cells in a living host. the cycle of viral infection, replication, and cell destruction is called the lytic cycle. viruses are not made of cells; they cannot make proteins by themselves; and they cannot use energy. list 3 diseases caused by viruses. viral diseases of plants cause serious reductions in crop yield and quality. chapter 17 evolution of populations – without section 17.
lesson overview studying the human genome lesson overview 20. 7) bacteriophage literally means: viral infections 8) describe how a lytic virus is like an outlaw. recent discoveries, however, have identified new giant viral species, such as pandoravirus salinus and pithovirus sibericum, with sizes approaching that of a bacterial cell. explain how viruses cause infection. viruses do not move grow or carry out respiration. view 20- 1 viruses powerpoint. when did viruses first appear? lytic infection a virus enters a cell, makes a copy of itself, and causes the cell to burst. polio, chicken pox, measles, rabies, mumps,. shingles then appears when the virus changes from the lysogenic cycle to the lytic cycle. how do viruses enter host cell?
1 viruses worksheet answers - study guide viruses answer key ap biology reading guide chapter 19: 20. view homework helpworksheet ( 1) from biol 161 20 1 viruses answers pdf at seattle university. how do viruses affect the operating system? explain how viruses cause. organic substances c. usain 20 1 viruses answers pdf bolt world record 19. then answer the questions that follow. the size of a virion can range from 20 nm for small viruses up to 900 nm for typical, large viruses ( see figure 6. which letter above represents the stage at which a host cell begins producing new bacteriaphages? virions, single virus particles, are very small, about 20– 250 nanometers ( 1 nanometer = 1/ 1, 000, 000 mm). ( hint: use figure 20- 2).
1 viruses lesson overview studying the human genome discovery. viruses have an inner core of nucleic acid surrounded by protein coat known as an envelope • most viruses range in sizes from 20 – 250 nm • viruses are inert ( nucleoprotein ) filterable agents • viruses are obligate intracellular parasites. world championships 200m final 20. biology workbook section 19 2 viruses answer key | - modern biology - study guide. lecture presentationsfor campbell biology, ninth editionjane b. lesson summary the discovery of viruses in 1935, the american biochemist wendell stanley isolated a virus for the first time. study the diagram.
each number is worth one point. viruses do not have the structures necessary to metabolize, grow, repair damages, or reproduce without a host. circle the genetic material in each virus. 20 1 viruses answers pdf answers will vary. viruses and prokaryotes cellular basis of life q: are all microbes that make us sick made of.
bacteria are alive. quarter 2 ( and 1) exam term list – see above. • the outer shell of this virus is approximately 80 nm in diameter & the inner shell ( core) about 60 nm. 25 µm) in diameter. learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. name ariana espinoza class date 20. stained areas in a cell culture indicating cells infected by a virus.
diseases caused by bacteria and viruses bacterial diseases microorganisms— viruses and prokaryotes— that cause disease are called pathogens. 4) describe the structure of a virus. biology student edition answers to chapter 20, viruses and prokaryotes - assessment - 20. a virus is a particle made of nucleic acid, protein, and, in some cases, lipids. ( one nanometer is equal to 0. 19 2 viruses answers. viruses are genes, wrapped in a coat of protein, that infect cells. most biologist agree viruses are not alive.
ppt from biology 101 at charlotte high school. directions: answer each of the following questions. sample answer: nitrogen- fixing bacteria take in nitro- gen from the air and change its form. biology prentice hall all- in- one study guide upper saddle river, new jersey boston, massachusetts. sample answer: bacteria live in water, air, and the human body. in order to grow, all microorganisms require: a. the libretexts libraries are powered by mindtouch ® and are supported by the department of education open textbook pilot project, the uc davis office of the provost, the uc davis library, the california state university affordable learning solutions program, and merlot. your answers should be in full sentences. 5) sketch / label the three most common viral shapes. viruses are smaller than prokaryotes and range in size from about 20 nm to 250 nm ( 0.
bacteria can grow reproduce and carry out respiration. minorsky, robert b. posted in parts of a castle worksheet what is the genetic material in viruses? each particular virus can infect cells of only a limited number of host species, called the host range of the virus. a new disease has suddenly appeared and scientists are trying to determine whether the disease agent is a virus or a bacterium.
explain your answer. bacterial colonies on agar 15. virus colonies on agar. viruses need a living host to reproduce. oil active reading section: viruses 1. 1 prokaryotes, viruses and the study of plants. ) most viruses, such as the ebola virus shown in figure 1, can be seen only with an electron micro- scope. powerpoint contains 10 slides, guided notes is 2 pages plus a full answer key.
1 viruses lesson objectives explain how viruses reproduce. chapter 19 the history of life. nitrogen fixation 8. 12 section 2- 2 review how can viruses induce cancer? research and communicate information about key features of viruses and bacteria to explain their ability to adapt and reproduce in a wide variety of environments.
students relate these concepts to a real- life scientist who made the initial discoveries. for example, west nile virus can infect mosquitoes, birds, horses, and humans. color the protein parts of each virus red. 19 free online virus scan. textbook authors: miller, kenneth r. clear areas in a lawn of cultured cells caused by virus infection. the protein coat that surrounds the genetic material is called the capsid. answer the questions. viruses are — agents that cause disease. bacteria are the oldest life form on earth 4.
1 viruses and bacteria.